The Passover Seder and The Lord's Supper

The Institution of the Ordinance of the Passover

1. The Blood of Protection

To protect the Hebrew people from the plague of death, the Eternal gave specific directions to Moses and Aaron, as recorded in Exodus chapter twelve. It was the spring month of Aviv (Heb., byba ). It would be the month of their physical redemption from slavery - never to be forgotten! They must create a new and sacred calendar, and celebrate Aviv as the first month throughout all their generations. Then, a precise "ordinance" was prescribed to be observed on the night of their exodus: a one-year-old male lamb, without blemish, must be observed from the tenth to the fourteenth days of Aviv. Then, the lamb must be sacrificed at dusk. They must apply some of its blood to the doorposts and lintel of their houses.

2. The Three Elements of the Passover Supper

The meal must consist of three elements: the roasted lamb, bread without yeast, called in the Hebrew language "matzot" in the plural, but "matzah" in the singular, and bitter herbs. The Lord revealed His purpose in this final plague:

For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgement: I am the Lord. (Exodus 12:12)
And also the Lord pledged His safety to the families who applied the blood to the entrance of their houses. (v.13)
Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
Q: Tell us in detail about their last supper which became the "Passover Ordinance." EDB: That is correct. Their last supper in Egypt constituted a new "ordinance" - the "Ordinance of the Lord's Passover" (Exodus 12:11,27,43) and the "Feast of Unleavened Bread" or "bread without yeast" (NIV v.17). The Hebrew term is "Hag Hamatzot." For seven days, annually, nothing shall be eaten containing yeast or fermentation, called "hametz" in Hebrew (v.20). For the violation of this law against common bread and fermentation, the penalty of death was provided. (vs.15,19)

Future generations must take the same care in selecting blemishless lambs for the Passover meal, and a specific command was given that not a bone of the Lamb shall be broken. (v.46 cp. Num. 9:12 cp. John 19:32-37)

The eating of bitter herbs, as one of the three elements of the Ordinance, shall forever remind the Hebrew people of the bitterness of bondage endured for four hundred years by their ancestors in Egypt. (Exodus 1:14 cp. 12:8)

In every generation, parents must tell their children that this Passover Ordinance memorializes the slavery and redemption of their ancestors (12:26-27). This "telling" of the history is the title of the official service book titled "The Passover Haggadah."

3. The Exodus

Since many non-Israelites joined the children of Israel on the night of their hasty exodus, a law was enacted to provide equality of privileges for Gentiles living with the Jewish people (12:49), or adherents or converts to Judaism.

At this historic "Lord's Passover" and "Feast of Unleavened Bread" - "bread without yeast" (NIV) - the Messiah and Saviour Jesus Christ (Yeshua HaMashiach) instituted the "Lord's Supper." (I Corinthians 11:20)

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