Arafat Threatens New Intifada Against Israel,
Vows Holy War for Jerusalem

(communicated by the Israel Government Press Office)
Jerusalem, August 4, 1998

THE OBLIGATION

Under the terms of the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority (PA) is obligated to refrain from incitement against Israel.

In his exchange of letters with Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on September 9, 1993, Chairman Yasser Arafat wrote, "the PLO renounces the use of terrorism and other acts of violence and will assume responsibility over all PLO elements and personnel in order to assure their compliance, prevent violations and discipline violators."

The Interim Agreement (Oslo 2) of September 28, 1995 (Article XXII) states that Israel and the PA "shall seek to foster mutual understanding and tolerance and shall accordingly abstain from incitement, including hostile propaganda, against each other and, without derogating from the principle of freedom of expression, shall take legal measures to prevent such incitement by any organizations, groups or individuals within their jurisdiction."

In the Note for the Record which accompanied the Hebron Protocol of January 15, 1997, the Palestinians reaffirmed their commitment regarding, "Preventing incitement and hostile propaganda, as specified in Article XXII of the Interim Agreement."

THE VIOLATIONS

Following are remarks made by PA Chairman Yasser Arafat in recent days concerning Israel and Jerusalem: 1) Arafat in an August 1, 1998 interview with the Algerian newspaper Sawt al-Ahrar:
"The Palestinian Authority has taken steps to actively struggle against the Israeli Judaization scheme The Palestinian Authority is ready to restart the intifada in order to stop the assault on the Arab character of Jerusalem."
2) Arafat in a July 29, 1998 speech to the Organization of the Islamic Conference's Jerusalem Committee in Morocco (Al-Hayat Al-Jadeeda, July 30, 1998)
"The Israeli policy of ethnic cleansing has taken on the ugliest of forms in recent months We shall continue to act against the settlement onslaught to save holy Jerusalem from the Judaizing monster and the despised settlements they [the Israelis] are determined to destroy the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aksa Mosque on the Temple Mount and to replace them by building Solomon's Temple Israel has started the war over Jerusalem but with Arab and Islamic assistance, this shall be our faithful jihad (holy war) - to defend holy Jerusalem from the danger of Judaization and the Zionist plot."

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