Jerusalem - The historic Covenant of Jerusalem was presented to the Israeli government on
Wednesday, May 19, 1993.
It marked the conclusion of a year of celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Holy City's
reunification, which reaffirmed the indelible bond between the Jewish people and its eternal spiritual
and cultural capital.
On May 31, 1992 a proclamation, under the signatures of Deputy Minister Avraham Verdiger,
Mayor Teddy Kollek and Jewish Agency Chairman Simcha Dinitz, was sent to Jewish communities
around the world, inviting them to share in this moment of history with Jerusalem.
Ministry Director-General Yeshayahu Barzel said the year-long celebration had three goals.
First, to strengthen the feeling that the entire Jewish people stand united with Israel on the indivisibility
of Jerusalem; second, to impart to all Jews - especially those in the former Soviet Union who have
been cut off from world Jewry for four generations - a feeling of unity; and third, to remind the non-Jewish world that the entire Jewish people are unified on the emotional and religious significance
Jerusalem has for Jews everywhere.
Although there has been considerable opposition from those who want Jerusalem to be an
"international city," the covenant of Jerusalem was inspired by the covenant renewal ceremony
convened by Ezra and Nehemiah for the Israelites who returned to their homeland from Babylon.
According to David A. Gross's article in Israel Magazine, the Covenant has seven paragraphs,
as Jerusalem has seven gates from Ezra's day. Even today, there are seven open gates to the Old
City: Jaffa Gate, New Gate, Damascus Gate, Herod's Gate, Lion's Gate, Dung Gate and Zion Gate.
There's a legend which says Jerusalem will have seven gates in the days to come and shine
"from one end of the world to the other."
Prepared by Justice Menahem Elon, Deputy President of the Supreme Court Vice, and with
input from a wide range of writers, historians and archaeologists, the Covenant, in the form of a scroll
written on parchment, was signed by President Chaim Herzog on May 31, 1992.
Besides Herzog, the original scroll was also signed by a lengthy list of dignitaries and national
Two parchment scrolls of the Covenant were sent to authorities in Israel from Metulla in the
north to Eilat in the south and there were signing ceremonies throughout the world, similar to the main
signing ceremony in Jerusalem.
"Christain Action for Israel" has obtained multi-coloured copies of THE JERUSALEM
COVENANT as signed by the Prime Minister, President & Chief Rabbis of Israel.
Obtain your own copy: $ 10.00 USD (approximate size 8-1/2" x 22"); very suitable for framing.
As of this day, Jerusalem Day, the twenty-eight day of the month of Iyar
in the year five thousand seven hundred fifty-two; one thousand nine
hundred and twenty-two years after the destruction of the Second
Temple; forty-four years since the founding of the State of Israel;
twenty-five years since the Six Day War during which the Israel Defense
Forces, in defense of our very existence, broke through the walls of the
city and restored the Temple Mount and the unity of Jerusalem; twelve
years since the Knesset of Israel reestablished the 'Jerusalem, unified
and whole, is the Capital of Israel'; the State of Israel is the State of the
'Jewish People' and the Capital of Israel is the Capital of the People of
Israel. We have gathered together in Zion, national leaders and heads, of
our communities everywhere, to enter into a covenant with Jersualem, as
was done by the leaders of our nation and all the people of Israel upon
Israel's return to its Land from the "Babylonian exile; and the people and
their leaders will dwell in Jerusalem, the Holy City.
Once again, 'our feet stand within your gates, O Jerusalem - Jerusalem
built as a city joined together' which 'unites the people of Israel to one
another', and 'links heavenly Jerusalem with earthly Jerusalem.'
We have returned to the place that the Lord vowed to bestow upon the
descendants of Abraham, Father of our Nation; to the City of David, King
of Israel; where Solomon, son of David, built a Holy Temple; a Capital
City which became the Mother of all Israel; a metropolis for justice and
righteousness and for the wisdom and insights of the ancient world;
where a Second Temple was erected in the days of Ezra and Nehemiah.
In this city the prophets of the Lord prophesied; in the City the Sages
taught Torah; in this City the Sanhedrin convened in session in its stone
chamber. 'For there were the seats of Justice, the Throne of the House of
David', 'for out of Zion shall go forth Torah, and the Word of the Lord
Today, as of old, we hold fast to the truth of the words of the Prophets of
Israel, that all the inhabitants of the world shall enter within the gates of
Jerusalem: 'And it shall come to pass at the end of days, the mountain of
the House of the Lord will be well established at the peak of the
mountains and will tower above the hills, and all the nation shall stream
towards it.' Each and every nation will live in it by its own faith: 'For all
the nation will go forward, each with its own Divine Name; we shall go in
the name of the Lord our God forever and ever.' And in this spirit the
Knesset of the State of Israel has enacted a law: The places holy to the
peoples of all religions shall be protected from any desecration and from
any restriction of free access to them.
Jerusalem - peace and tranquility shall reign in the city: 'Pray for the
peace of Jerusalem; may those who love you be tranquil. May there by
peace within your walls, and tranquility within your palaces.' Out of
Jerusalem, a message of peace went forth and shall yet go forth again to
all the inhabitants of the earth: 'And they shall beat their swords into
plowshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation will not lift up
sword against nation, nor shall they learn war any more.' Our sages,
peace be upon them, said. In the future, The Holy One, the Blessed, will
comfort Jerusalem only with peace.
From this place, we once again take this vow: "If I forget thee, O
Jerusalem, may my right hand lose its strength; may my tongue cleave
to my palate if I do not remember you, if I do not raise up Jerusalem at
the very height of my rejoicing.'
And with all these understandings, we enter into this Covenant and
write: We shall bind you to us forever; we shall bind you to us with
faithfulness, with righteousness and justice, with steadfast love and
compassion. We love you, O Jerusalem, with eternal love, with
unbounded love, under siege and when liberated from the yoke of
oppressors. We have been martyred for you; we have yearned for you,
we have clung to you. Our faithfulness to you we shall bequeath to our
children after us. Forevermore our home shall be within you.
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