6. 20th Century Birth-Pangs

Q. How did the Balfour Declaration come about?

At the beginning of World War I, Britain found herself dangerously short of acetone a chemical substance needed for producing the cordite explosive in artillery shells. Winston Churchill had succeeded Arthur Balfour as First Lord of the Admiralty. Dr. Chaim Weizmann, a Russian-born Jew, was a teacher of chemistry at Manchester University. Churchill asked Weizmann if he could make "thirty thousand tons of acetone." Dr. Weizmann undertook the difficult task.

As Minister of Munitions, Lloyd George offered Weizmann a suitable honour in appreciation of his work. But he replied that he wanted nothing for himself, only British support for Jewish aspirations in Palestine.

At that time the British War Cabinet was made up of a number of pro-Zionist members:

Of course, it is general knowledge that Christian pro-Zionists in Britain were never without opposition to their efforts in the Jewish Return to the "Promised Land."

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